Copyright notices

Copyright notices includes reports of alleged copyright infringement and counter notices received.

The report includes the total number of Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) takedown notices and counter notices received, along with data about the top five copyright reporters. 

We have seen a 81% increase in takedown notices received since our last report.

Latest report: DMCA takedown notices

July 1 - December 31, 2014

MonthCopyright takedown noticesPercentage where material removedAccounts affectedTweets withheldMedia withheld
July 2,463 77% 2,648 4,537 3,281
August 2,136 62% 2,410 3,261 1,839
September 3,047 68% 1,691 6,456 2,773
October 3,690 69% 3,326 8,308 2,727
November 2,538 62% 3,824 4,211 3,080
December 2,774 56% 3,460 5,689 4,109
TOTAL 16,648 66% 17,359 32,462 17,809
NOTE: The data in these reports is as accurate as possible, but may not be 100% comprehensive.

About the numbers

The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) outlines the statutory requirements necessary for formally reporting copyright infringement (i.e., DMCA takedown notices). This data includes reports of alleged copyright infringement submitted through our web form or otherwise sent to us (e.g., fax). For more information, please see our Copyright and DMCA Policy.

Footnotes

‘Accounts affected’ includes Twitter and Vine accounts where content has been removed in response to a valid DMCA takedown notice.

  • Each user was notified of the takedown request and subsequent action, and provided with instructions on how to file a counter notice if they believed the content was removed in error.

‘Tweets withheld’ includes all Tweets identified and subsequently removed in response to valid DMCA takedown notices.

‘Media withheld’ Includes profile photos, header photos, background images, Twitter-hosted media (e.g., pic.twitter.com), and Vine videos identified and subsequently removed in response to valid DMCA takedown notices.

We may not comply with every request for a variety of reasons. For example:

  • We do not comply with takedown notices that fail to provide sufficient information for us to locate material on Twitter.
  • We receive a large number of misfiled, non-copyright complaints through our web form.

We carefully review each report received, and follow up with the reporter as appropriate, such as in cases of apparent fair use. 

Latest report: DMCA counter notices

July 1 - December 31, 2014

MonthCopyright counter notice(s)Percentage of material(s) restoredTweet(s) affectedMedia affected
July 3 100% 0 3
August 1 0% 0 1
September 1 100% 0 1
October 5 100% 1 16
November 1 100% 1 0
December 2 100% 0 8
TOTAL 13 92% 2 29
NOTE: The data in these reports is as accurate as possible, but may not be 100% comprehensive.

About the numbers

The DMCA also provides statutory instructions on how an affected party can formally appeal a removal by submitting a valid counter notice.

Footnotes

‘Tweet(s) affected’ and ‘Media affected’ each include content that was (1) originally reported and withheld in response to a valid takedown notice and (2) subsequently identified in a valid counter notice and restored.

‘Percentage of material(s) restored’ reflects the percentage of content identified in a valid counter notice that the original reporter did not file suit to prevent from being replaced.

Latest report: Top copyright reporters

July 1 - December 31, 2014

Top reportersCopyright takedown noticesPercentage of total takedown noticesMaterials withheld
IFPI 6,252 38% 4,700
Remove Your Media 1,529 9% 12,271
TMG 743 4% 387
NetResult 277 2% 5,629
Irdeto 94 1% 50
TOTAL 8,895 54% 23,037
NOTE: The data in these reports is as accurate as possible, but may not be 100% comprehensive.

About the numbers

We receive copyright takedown notices from copyright owners or their authorized representatives. For this reporting period, the entities who have submitted the most takedown requests over the past six months are: IFPI, Remove Your Media, TMG, NetResult, and Irdeto.

You can see these takedown notices, along with all the other actionable copyright notices we process, at Chilling Effects.