|Country||Removal requests - Court Orders||Removal requests - Gov’t agency, police, other||Percentage where some content withheld||Accounts specified||Accounts withheld||Tweets withheld|
About the numbers
This data includes government requests (and other complaints of illegal content from authorized reporters) we’ve received to remove or withhold content on Twitter.
Governments generally make removal requests for content that may be illegal in their respective jurisdictions. For example, a government agency may obtain a court order requiring the removal of defamatory statements or law enforcement may request us to remove prohibited content.
For the first time, this data includes two instances — one request from France, one request from Germany — where we employed our Country Withheld Content policy.
- We received a removal request from the legal representative of a national student group accusing Twitter of hosting illegal hate speech content. Based on local law, we withheld access to some, but not all, of the reported Tweets in France.
- The original removal request is available on Chilling Effects, here.
- We received a removal request from German law enforcement, requesting the removal of an account belonging to a banned, white supremacist organization in Germany. We withheld access to the one specified account in Germany.
- The original removal notice is available on Chilling Effects, here.
- The data does not include reports of Rules violations submitted through our Help Center or copyright-related requests, which are highlighted here.
- Each request may identify multiple items to be removed. For example, a single request may ask us to remove individual Tweets or an entire user account.
- ‘Accounts specified’ includes the number of accounts identified in the government requests we’ve received.
- To minimize potential risk to our users, we’re not including specific numbers if fewer than 10 accounts are specified and we’ve not withheld any content in response to the particular request; instead you’ll see ‘< 10’ in the relevant cells.
- We may not comply with every request for a variety of reasons. For example, we do not comply with requests that fail to identify content on Twitter.